Creativity – Pathos and Telic Flaw

29 December 2015, this blog is about writing in scenes.  I’m focusing on the tools to build scenes.  I’ll leave up the parts of a novel because I think this is an important picture for any novelist.  I’m writing about creativity.

1. The beginning
2. The rising action
3. The Climax
4. The falling action
5. The dénouement

Announcement:   Ancient Light has been delayed due to the economy.  Ancient Light includes Aegypt, Sister of Light and Sister of Darkness.  If you are interested in historical/suspense literature, please give my novels a try.  You can read about them at  I’ll keep you updated.

Today’s Blog: The skill of using language comes from the ability to put together figures of speech that act as symbols in writing.

Here are my rules of writing:

1. Entertain your readers.
2. Don’t confuse your readers.
3. Ground your readers in the writing.
4. Don’t show (or tell) everything.
5. Immerse yourself in the world of your  writing.

Creativity is the extrapolation of older ideas to form new ones or to present old ideas in a new form. It is a reflection of something new created with ties to the history, science, and logic (the intellect).  Creativity requires consuming, thinking, and producing.

Scene development:

  1. Scene input (easy)
  2. Scene output (a little harder)
  3. Scene setting (basic stuff)
  4. Creativity (creative elements of the scene)
  5. Tension (development of creative elements to build excitement)
  6. Release (climax of creative elements)

This is also why pathetic characters tend to expire—they don’t die, but they run their course. Usually, their telic flaw is based in the reason they are pathetic (full of emotion developing potential). Once they overcome or are overcome by their telic flaw, they book ends and so does the reason for their pathos.

Now remember, I’m writing about pathos defined as the ability to develop emotional response. As in, a pathetic character is one that a reader immediately wants to accept, love, and emphasize with. I mentioned the characteristic that usually makes the character pathetic is also the telic flaw of the character. This is mostly true about Essie. Essie is the protagonist of my novel Essie: Enchantment and the Aos SI. Essie is a shape-shifting being who was abused and imprisoned. She escapes and is hungry, naked, destitute, and without any friends of allies. This makes her pathetic. The cause is also her telic flaw. She was abused and imprisoned to prevent her from taking her place and using her power. This is her telic flaw.

The theme of the novel must be for Essie to overcome her telic flaw. She does accomplish this and therefore is no longer abused, imprisoned, friendless, or destitute. I’d like to write another novel with Essie in it, but she can no longer be as pathetic a character as before. This is true of many of my characters—obviously, if they overcome their telic flaw, they become less pathetic. There is a secret to theme and plot development and creativity.

I’ll write more tomorrow.

For more information, you can visit my author site, and my individual novel websites:

About L.D. Alford

L. D. Alford is a novelist whose writing explores with originality those cultures and societies we think we already know. His writing distinctively develops the connections between present events and history—he combines them with threads of reality that bring the past alive. L. D. Alford is familiar with technology and cultures—he is widely traveled and earned a B.S. in Chemistry from Pacific Lutheran University, an M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Boston University, a Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering from The University of Dayton, and is a graduate of Air War College, Air Command and Staff College, and the USAF Test Pilot School. L. D. Alford is an author who combines intimate scientific and cultural knowledge into fiction worlds that breathe reality. He is the author of three historical fiction novels: Centurion, Aegypt, and The Second Mission, and three science fiction novels: The End of Honor, The Fox’s Honor, and A Season of Honor.
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